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Home > Snakes > Indian Cobra

Indian Cobra

Indian cobra is a species of highly venomous snake occurring in the Indian Subcontinent. The species is usually nocturnal, but exhibit mostly crepuscular behavior. It is terrestrial, but is a good climber especially when required for foraging and roosting. The cobra is known to be alert and aggressive.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Elapidae
    Genus Naja
    Scientific Name Naja naja


    Other Names Spectacled Cobra, Asian Cobra, Binocellate Cobra
    Length 1 – 1.5 m; some specimens may reach 2.1 to 2.2 m
    Color Black to dark brown or creamy white; patterns of spectacled white or yellow covers the body
    Distribution India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, southern Nepal
    Habitat Open forests, plains, agricultural lands,  wetlands, rocky terrain, villages, city outskirts; found from sea-level to a height of 2,000 m
    Diet Rodents, lizards, frogs, birds
    Predators Mongoose
    Venom Fact Venom consists of neurotoxins and cardiotoxins
    Breeding Season Post winter season
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 10 to 30 eggs
    Incubation Period 48 to 69 days
    Average Lifespan Up to 32.3 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Not Classified

    Indian Cobra Pictures Gallery

    Published on November 30th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th May 2017.

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