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Home > Snakes > Arizona Black Rattlesnake

Arizona Black Rattlesnake

Arizona black rattlesnake is a poisonous subspecies of snake occurring in the southwestern United States. The pitviper subspecies is mainly diurnal, but in favorable conditions, it can be active at night also. Like other pitvipers, the snake makes use of heat sensing pits located on each side of the face to detect prey and predators.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Species Crotalus oreganus
    Scientific Name Crotalus oreganus cerberus


    Other Names Black Rattlesnake, Black Diamond Rattlesnake, Cerberus Rattlesnake, Mountain Diamond-back, Brown Rattlesnake
    Length 78–109 cm
    Color Dark grayish, brownish black, blackish or reddish brown ground color covered with dorsal pattern of uneven patches that are rectangular near the front of the body turning subhexagonal towards the back
    Distribution Arizona, western New Mexico
    Habitat Mountains, upland areas, semidesert grassland
    Diet Amphibians, reptiles, birds and their eggs, mammals
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season Summer
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young ones by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 4 to 21 young
    IUCN Conservation Status Not Classified

    Arizona Black Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 25th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 15th May 2019.

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