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Home > Lizards > Armadillo Lizard

Armadillo Lizard

Armadillo lizards are endemic to the desert areas of the west coast of South Africa. They are diurnal, slow-moving and stay in social groups. They are so called as because they can roll into a ball and take up a defensive posture when threatened.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Family Cordylidae
    Genus Ouroborus
    Scientific Name Ouroborus cataphractus


    Other Names Armadillo Girdled Lizard,  Golden Armadillo Lizard, Armadillo Spiny-tailed Lizard
    Size 15 to 17 in
    Weight 8 to 17 lbs
    Color Light to dark brown; yellow with blackish pattern underbelly
    Distribution Western Coast of South Africa
    Habitat Desert areas consisting of shrubs and small trees and rocky areas
    Diet Mainly insects especially termites, spiders, sometimes consume plant material, smaller lizards and rodents
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during winter months
    Predators Birds of prey
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)
    Litter Size 1 or 2
    Gestation Period 6 to 8 months
    Average Lifespan 25 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Vulnerable

    Armadillo Lizard Pictures Gallery

    Published on October 5th 2016 by under Lizards. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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