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Home > Snakes > Aruba Rattlesnake

Aruba Rattlesnake

Aruba rattlesnake is a poisonous subspecies of snake endemic to the Caribbean island of Aruba off Venezuelan coast. It belongs to the viper family and one of the rarest kinds of rattlesnakes in the world. At present, there are only a few surviving members in the wild.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Species Crotalus durissus
    Scientific Name Crotalus durissus unicolor


    Other Names Aruba Island Rattlesnake, Cascabel
    Length Around 90 cm
    Weight Around 1 kg
    Color Light brown to tan to pink in color with dark brown or white to apricot or brown to slate diamond-shaped markings, the markings are only noticeable along the middle of the back
    Distribution Island of Aruba
    Habitat Thornscrub and desert habitats
    Diet Rodents, birds, lizards
    Hibernation Fact Undergoes hibernation
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season September – January
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)
    Litter Size 5 to 15
    Gestation Period 4 months
    Reproductive Age Males: 4 years of age
    Females: 5 years of age
    Average Lifespan 15 to 20 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Critically Endangered

    Aruba Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on October 10th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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