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Home > Lizards > Black Iguana

Black Iguana

Black iguana is a species of lizard native to Central America and Mexico. It is the largest species in its genus and is known to be the fastest lizard in the world. The species is diurnal and an excellent climber.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Lacertilia
    Family Iguanidae
    Genus Ctenosaura
    Scientific Name Ctenosaura similis


    Other Names Black spiny-tailed iguana, black iguana, black ctenosaur
    Size Males: Up to 1.3 m
    Females: 0.8–1 m
    Weight Around 5 kg
    Color Whitish gray or tan ground color with a series of 4–12 marked dark bands on the upper surface extending almost to the underside scales; males possess orange color around the head and throat during the breeding season with strands of blue and peach on the jaws
    Distribution Mexico and Central America (native); Florida in the United States (introduced)
    Habitat Open borders of the forests; dry, arid, open terrain
    Diet Flowers, leaves, fruit and stems, sometimes eat smaller animals, eggs, and arthropods
    Predators Juveniles fall prey to raccoons, snakes, hawks,  egrets, owls, herons, cats, and dogs whereas adults are preyed upon by ocelots, jaguars, pumas, anacondas, boa constrictors and dogs
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Up to 30 eggs
    Incubation Period 3 months
    Reproductive Age Around 3 to 4 years of age
    Average Lifespan More than 60 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Black Iguana Pictures Gallery

    Published on February 3rd 2017 by under Lizards. Article was last reviewed on 13th June 2019.

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