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Home > Snakes > Black-Necked Spitting Cobra

Black-Necked Spitting Cobra

Black-necked spitting cobra is a species of moderate-sized venomous snake occurring mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. It is one of the largest among the other spitting cobras found around the globe. The species can be nocturnal as well as diurnal depending upon the geographic location, season, and average daytime temperature.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Elapidae
    Genus Naja
    Subgenus Afronaja
    Scientific Name Naja nigricollis


    Length 1.2 to 2.2 m
    Color Varied colorations; some are pale gray or black with reddish or yellow ventrally and consist of a broad black neck band and also often the neck consist of orange or pinkish bar; some specimens are yellowish-brown or yellow copper color with missing neck bands; specimens with deep reddish-brown color are also observed, some can even be olive brown or striped black and white
    Distribution Western, eastern, central, and parts of southern Africa
    Habitat Savanna, semi-desert, moist savanna, cleared former forest regions, especially near streams and rivers
    Diet Rats, mice, frogs, lizards, eggs, birds, fishes, other snakes
    Hibernation Fact Tends to hibernate during winter months
    Predators Birds of prey like snake eagles, banded mongoose, other snakes
    Venom Fact Consists of neurotoxins and cytotoxins
    Breeding Season Between September and December
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 10 to 15 eggs
    Incubation Period 70 – 90 days

    Black-Necked Spitting Cobra Pictures Gallery

    Published on October 1st 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 17th August 2018.

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