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Home > Snakes > Common Adder

Common Adder

Common adder is a type of venomous snake which is found extensively throughout most of Western Europe and East Asia.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Vipera
    Scientific Name Vipera berus

    Other Name Common European Adder, Common European Viper, Common Viper
    Length 60 – 90 cm (24 – 35 in)
    Color Males: Gray with black markings
    Females: Brownish with darker brown markings; Males are slightly darker than females
    Distribution Northwestern, Southern, and eastern Europe, north of the Arctic Circle, Russia, Sakhalin Island, North Korea, northern Mongolia and northern China
    Habitat Rocky hillslides, meadows, edges of woods, bushy slopes, coastal dunes, stone quarries, chalky downs, sandy heaths, on the banks of lakes, ponds and streams
    Diet Mice, shrews and voles; birds, lizards, frogs, newts, salamanders, worms, moles; sometimes spiders and insects
    Hibernation Fact In Great Britain, males hibernate for about 150 days whereas females hibernate for about 180 days; in northern Sweden, they hibernate for 8-9 months
    Predators Buzzards, other adult snakes, as well as rodents (especially during hibernation)
    Venom Fact Venomous, but less toxic than many other vipers
    Breeding Season April- May
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (gives birth to live young)
    Litter Size 3 – 20
    Average Lifespan 15 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Common Adder Picture Gallery

    Published on August 9th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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