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Common Chuckwalla

Common Chuckwalla is a species of lizard found in the western United States and northwestern Mexico. The species is mainly solitary and diurnal. Males are territorial and fight among themselves over territory and females. The lizard is well adaptive to desert conditions as they are active at temperatures up to 102 °F (39 °C). 

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Iguania
    Family Iguanidae
    Genus Sauromalus
    Scientific Name Sauromalus ater

    Other Names Northern Chuckwalla
    Size Around 20 in
    Weight Around 0.9 kg (2.0 lb)
    Color  Head, shoulder and pelvic regions are black in adult males with light tan speckled with brown midbody; females are brownish with scattered dark red spots
    Distribution Southern Nevada, southern Utah, southeastern California, and western Arizona (United States), southern Baja California and west-central Sonora (Mexico)
    Habitat Rocky desert, hillsides, lava flows, and outcrops; occurs in  subtropical thornforest in the southern part of its range
    Diet Leaves, fruits, flowers, sometimes insects that live on the vegetation they consume
    Hibernation Fact Undergoes brumation during winter in underground burrows and crevices
    Predators Birds like hawks and American kestrels, coyotes, snakes
    Breeding Season Between April and August
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 5 to 16 eggs
    Incubation Period 33 to 50 days
    Reproductive Age Male: 2 years of age
    Female: 2 to 3 years of age
    Average Lifespan In wild: Up to 30 years
    In captivity: Up to 65 years

    Common Chuckwalla Pictures Gallery

    Published on August 19th 2017 by under Lizards. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

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