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Home > Snakes > Common Garter Snake

Common Garter Snake

Common Garter Snakes are common throughout North America. These skinny snakes are not venomous to humans, but studies show, their saliva contains traces of venom, which might be poisonous to small animals and some amphibians. A total of 13 subspecies of this reptile have been identified so far.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Subfamily Natricinae
    Genus Thamnophis
    Species Thamnophis sirtalis


    Length Up to 4 feet
    Color Vertical beige to cream and yellow stripes on a rusty brown base
    Distribution Throughout North America
    Habitat Freshwater lakes or rivers
    Diet Mainly on small fish and water frogs
    Venom Fact Non-venomous
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Breeding Season July to October
    Clutch Size 12-40
    IUCN Conservation Status LC

    Common Garter Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 22nd 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 3rd August 2018.

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