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Home > Snakes > Eastern Brown Snake

Eastern Brown Snake

Eastern brown snakes are highly venomous species of snake belonging to the Elapidae family, occurring in Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia. They are considered the second most venomous land snake in the world.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Elapidae
    Genus Pseudonaja
    Scientific Name Pseudonaja textilis


    Other Names Common Brown snake
    Length Around 1.1–1.8 m; largest specimen recorded is 2.4m
    Color Generally uniform brown shade with various patterns like bands and speckles and ranges from  pale fawn to black, orange, yellow, silver,  and gray
    Distribution Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New Guinea, Papua Province(Indonesia)
    Habitat Eucalypt forests, heaths of coastal ranges,  savannah woodlands, inner grasslands, arid scrublands, farmland
    Diet Rodents, small birds, eggs, other snakes
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during winter  months
    Predators Birds of prey, feral cats, red bellied black snakes
    Venom Fact Highly venomous, venom consists mainly neurotoxins
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 10 to 40 eggs
    Incubation Period 36 to 95 days in captivity
    Average Lifespan Around 7 years in captivity

    Eastern Brown Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 22nd 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 20th August 2018.

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