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Home > Snakes > Hopi Rattlesnake

Hopi Rattlesnake

Hopi rattlesnake is a poisonous pitviper subspecies of snake native to the state of Arizona in the United States, but also found in northwestern New Mexico. The subspecies is secretive and nocturnal spending the day in other animal’s burrows or rock crevices to escape from the desert heat.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Species Crotalus viridis
    Scientific Name Crotalus viridis nuntius


    Other Names Arizona Prairie Rattlesnake, Prairie Rattlesnake
    Length Up to 28 in
    Color Pinkish-brown to gray to orange-brown with darker brown irregular patches down the back
    Distribution Northeast Arizona (United States)
    Habitat Desert, semi-arid areas
    Diet Rodents, birds, lizards, sometimes frogs
    Venom Fact Mainly hemotoxic
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 4 to 6 young
    Reproductive Age 2 to 3 years of age
    Average Lifespan Around 11 years

    Hopi Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 6th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 15th May 2019.

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