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Home > Snakes > Horned Adder

Horned Adder

Horned Adders are poisonous species of vipers that live in the dry regions of SW Africa. They are named so because of the presence of a horn-like scale over both its eyes. However, the Bitis cornuta, at times, is also called by the same name. Reported cases of being bitten by this snake are rare.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Bitis
    Species B. caudalis
    Scientific Name Bitis caudalis

    Other Names Horned puff adder, horned viper
    Length 12-16 inches
    Color Beige base with brownish and off white rings
    Distribution South western Africa
    Habitat Sparsely vegetated desert and semiarid scrub country
    Diet Mainly rodents and other reptiles
    Venom Fact Venomous; little information available about venom type

    Horned Adder Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 3rd 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 13th June 2019.

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