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Home > Snakes > Hump-Nosed Pit Viper

Hump-Nosed Pit Viper

Hump-nosed pit viper is a species of venomous snake found only in India and Sri Lanka. The species is nocturnal, terrestrial, and aggressive when alarmed.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Hypnale
    Scientific Name Hypnale hypnale

    Other Names Hump-nosed viper, Merrem’s hump-nosed viper, Oriental hump-nosed viper
    Length 30–45 cm
    Color Grayish upper surface mottled with brown and covered with two rows of dark spots; brownish or yellowish belly with dark mottling; yellow or reddish tail tip
    Distribution India and Sri lanka
    Habitat Thick jungle and coffee plantations in hilly areas
    Diet Geckos, small rodents, reptile eggs, frogs
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season March through July
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (giving birth to young ones by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 4 to 17 young

    Hump-Nosed Pit Viper Pictures Gallery

    Published on April 19th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

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