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Home > Snakes > Japanese Rat Snake

Japanese Rat Snake

Japanese rat snake is a species of non-venomous, medium-sized snake belonging to the colubrid family, endemic to Japan. The semi-arboreal species is known to be shy and fast.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Genus Elaphe
    Scientific Name Elaphe climacophora


    Length 1-2 m
    Color Pale yellow-green to dark blue-green
    Distribution Japan
    Habitat Barns, forests, bamboo thickets, rice fields, dry stone walls, buildings, grasslands, ditches, near water
    Diet Rodents, birds and their eggs, lizards, frogs, snakes, squirrels
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate for 3 to 4 months
    Predators Eagles, raccoon dogs
    Venom Fact Non-venomous
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 7 to 20 eggs
    Incubation Period 44 to 75 days
    Reproductive Age Male: 3 years 8 months
    Female: 3 years 10 months
    Average Lifespan More than 20 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Not Listed

    Japanese Rat Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 19th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 3rd August 2018.

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