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Home > Snakes > Mojave Rattlesnake

Mojave Rattlesnake

Mojave rattlesnake is a highly poisonous pit viper species occurring in southwestern United States and central Mexico. The snake’s venom is regarded as the most potent among other rattlesnakes inhabiting the world. Currently, there are two recognized subspecies of this species.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Scientific Name Crotalus scutulatus

    Other Names Mojave green
    Length Usually less than 100 cm; largest recorded specimen measures 137.3 cm
    Color Shades of brown to pale green
    Distribution Southern California, southern Nevada, extreme southwestern Utah, Arizona, southern New Mexico, some parts of Texas
    Habitat High desert, lower mountain slopes, scrub brush,  lowland areas of scanty vegetation, open, arid habitats
    Diet Mainly rodents and lizards
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Predators Roadrunners, pigs, hawks, eagles, kingsnakes
    Venom Fact Highly toxic – neurotoxin and hemotoxic venom
    Breeding Season Spring and summer
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 2 to 17 young
    Gestation Period Around 3 months
    Reproductive Age 18 months to more than 2 years
    Average Lifespan Around 24 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Mojave Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 7th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 13th June 2019.

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