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Home > Snakes > Pacific Gopher Snake

Pacific Gopher Snake

Being a subspecies of gopher snake, the pacific gopher snake is a diurnal creature meaning it is most active at the daytime. The interesting this is that like other gopher snake, this one also doesn’t stop growing, only the growth rate slows down upon reaching adulthood.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Genus Pituophis
    Species Pituophis catenifer
    Subspecies Pituophis catenifer catenifer


    Size Adults are 4.5 ft-7 ft while juveniles are
    Weight 32-64 oz
    Color Dark yellow or dark brown base color, gray on two sides, 40-100 dark brown spots on the body and 14-33 spots on the tail, cream colored or yellow ventral body and then there is a reddish look of the tail
    Distribution USA( western coast), Mexico and Canada
    Habitat Agricultural farmland, fields and valleys
    Diet Lizards, amphibians, birds, and small snakes
    Hibernation period In winter
    Predators Coyotes, big snakes, and hawks
    Venom fact Non-venomous
    Breeding season June-August
    Mode of reproduction Oviparous
    Clutch size 2-24 eggs
    Incubation period 60-75 days
    Reproductive age 1-2 years for males and 4 years for females
    Average lifespan 12-15 years; one lived for 33 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Not listed

    Pacific Gopher Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 15th 2018 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 1st December 2018.

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