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Home > Snakes > Red Diamond Rattlesnake

Red Diamond Rattlesnake

Red diamond rattlesnake is a moderately large, poisonous, pit viper species occurring in the United States and Mexico. The species is mainly nocturnal and crepuscular during excessive hot weather, but also active during daytime when the temperature is moderate. Currently, there are three recognized subspecies of this species.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Scientific Name Crotalus ruber


    Other Names Red Rattlesnake, Red Diamond-backed Rattlesnake, Red Diamond Snake, Red Rattler
    Length 100 – 150 cm; largest recorded specimen measures 162 cm
    Color Reddish-tan, reddish-brown or brick red ground color with diamond-shaped patches on the back; dull yellow underside with black and white rings surrounding the tail
    Distribution Southwestern California (United States) and Baja California (Mexico)
    Habitat Arid scrub, coastal chaparral, woodlands, rocky grassland, cultivated areas, desert slopes of the mountains, rocky desert flats
    Diet Rabbits, ground squirrels, lizards, birds, other snakes
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season February – April
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 3 to 20 young
    Gestation Period 5 to 6 months
    Reproductive Age  Around 3 years of age in case of females
    Average Lifespan In wild: 15 to 16 years
    In captivity: Around 19 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Red Diamond Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 7th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 16th January 2018.

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