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Home > Tortoises > Russian Tortoise

Russian Tortoise

Russian tortoises are species of small, herbivore tortoises which are very popular as pets. They are known to be hardy and tough and can tolerate extreme temperatures.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Testudines
    Suborder Cryptodira
    Family Testudinidae
    Genus Agrionemys
    Scientific Name Agrionemys horsfieldii


    Other Names Horsfield’s Tortoise, Central Asian Tortoise, Steppe Tortoise, Afghanistan Tortoise, Four-toed Tortoise
    Size Around 13–25 cm
    Color Reddish brown or black shell which fades to yellow between the scutes; straw-yellow and brown body color
    Distribution Afghanistan, Northern and Eastern Iran, Northern Pakistan, North Western China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
    Habitat Dry open landscapes, sand and clay deserts with scanty grasses and bushes
    Diet Feeds on many types of weeds including leaves and flowers
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates underground in winter
    Predators Raccoons,  dogs, cats, possums
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 2 to 5 eggs
    Incubation Period 75 to 90 days
    Reproductive Age 10 years of age
    Average Lifespan 50 to 80 years but, are known to live for more than 100 years in few cases
    IUCN Conservation Status Vulnerable

    Russian Tortoise Pictures Gallery

    Published on October 7th 2016 by under Tortoises. Article was last reviewed on 16th August 2018.

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