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Home > Lizards > Southwestern Fence Lizard

Southwestern Fence Lizard

Southwestern fence lizard is a species of small lizard native to southwest United States and north-central Mexico. The species is diurnal. The lizard is most active during mid morning and late afternoon during the summer. It can be active throughout the day during spring and fall.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Iguania
    Family Iguanidae
    Subfamily Phrynosomatinae
    Genus Sceloporus
    Scientific Name Sceloporus cowlesi


    Other Names White Sands prairie lizard, White Sands swift
    Size Up to 7.6 cm (snout to vent)
    Color Gray-brown to golden-brown with two light stripes on the back, a broad gray stripe appears on the middle of the upper surface; belly of the males have two large, bright blue patches, two blue blotches appears on the underside of the throat
    Distribution Southwest United States and north-central Mexico
    Habitat Chihuahuan Desertscrub, Semidesert Grassland,  Madrean Evergreen Woodland, Great Basin Desertscrub, Plains and Great Basin Grassland, woodlands, Petran Montane Conifer Forest, low valleys, grassy plains, bajadas, foothills, steep mountainous terrain like rocky canyons and forested slopes
    Diet Insects like termites, ants, grasshoppers, flies, beetles, larvae, and wasps; also feed on spiders, snails, and small lizards
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter and late fall
    Breeding Season Spring through early summer
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 1 to 10 eggs

    Southwestern Fence Lizard Pictures Gallery

    Published on August 21st 2017 by under Lizards. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

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