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Home > Snakes > Texas Indigo Snake

Texas Indigo Snake

Found in Texas and almost everywhere in Mexico, the Texas Indigo Snake is a large size snake that is a member of the colubrid family. They are non-venomous and have been declared as a threatened species by the US state of Texas.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Genus Drymarchon
    Species D. melanurus
    Subspecies D. m. erebennus
    Scientific Name Drymarchon melanurus erebennus

    Length Often more than 6 ft (1.8 m), but specimens reaching up to 8 ft (2.4 m) are also not uncommon
    Coloration The dorsal part is primarily pitch black in color with a highly glossy scaled skin, while the ventral part is somewhat salmon pink
    Distribution From the southern parts of south Texas extending up to Veracruz in Mexico
    Habitat Prefer living in burrows left by other animals in lightly vegetated areas close to a permanent water source; also found in mesquite savannah, coastal sand dunes and open grasslands
    Diet Eats almost anything that then can overpower including birds, eggs, lizards, mammals, frogs, turtles, as well as other snake species including the venomous rattlesnakes
    Venom Fact Nonvenomous
    Breeding Season Winter months
    Clutch Size 10-12 eggs at a time
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous
    IUCN Conservation Status Declared as a ‘threatened’ species by the state of Texas

    Texas Indigo Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 5th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

    One response to “Texas Indigo Snake”

    1. warren says:

      Hi, I would like to know if this snakes jaw is specially designed to be non-venomous ie does it have a stronger bite, to compensate for not having venom? I watched a film of a wild Texas Indigo hunting a rattlesnake and it appeared to deliver a decisive blow to the neck of the rattlesnake? What was very interesting was how the rattlesnake pattern running along the length of the rattlesnake seem to confuse the Texas Indigo.
      Many thanks

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