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Home > Snakes > Western Ground Snake

Western Ground Snake

The western ground snake is a nocturnal species, commonly found throughout California, Kansas, Texas, Utah, Sonora, and Colorado. The secretive small snake has so many color variations that earlier each coloration was considered as a subspecies, although presently they are just morphs.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Genus Sonora
    Scientific Name Sonora semiannulata


    Other Names Variable ground snake, common ground snake, miter snake
    Size 10-15 in (25.4-38.1 cm)
    Color Orange, red or brown body with black banding, sometimes with brown or orange stripes, white belly
    Distribution Northern Mexico and Southwestern United States
    Habitat Rocky and dry areas of loose soils
    Diet Insect larvae, scorpions, centipedes, spiders and crickets
    Predators Birds of prey
    Venom Fact Mildly to non-venomous
    Breeding Season Summer
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous
    Clutch Size 4-6 eggs
    Reproductive Age 2 years
    Average Lifespan Not observed
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Western Ground Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on December 28th 2018 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 20th December 2018.

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