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Home > Snakes > Egyptian Cobra

Egyptian Cobra

Egyptian cobras are large, extremely venomous species of cobra snakes native to Africa. They are only second to the forest cobras in terms of size. The species is terrestrial and nocturnal. In terms of venom toxicity, they are second most among the cobras.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Elapidae
    Genus Naja
    Scientific Name Naja haje


    Other Names African Banded Cobra, Banded Cobra, Brown Cobra, Arabian Cobra
    Length 1 – 2 m; largest specimen recorded is nearly 3m
    Weight Up to 20 lb
    Color Varied colorations; most members are various shades of brown often with darker or lighter spots and below the eye often contains a “tear –drop” mark; some specimens are copper-red or gray-brown while some other specimens are black; creamy white, grayish, blue gray, yellow brown, dark brown or black ventral side often with dark patches
    Distribution North Africa, across the savannas of West Africa, the south of the Sahara, Congo basin,  Tanzania, Kenya, southern parts of the Arabian Peninsula
    Habitat Steppes, moist to dry savannas, arid semi-desert regions with some vegetation and water, agricultural fields, scrub vegetation
    Diet Toads, birds, eggs, small mammals, lizards, other snakes
    Predators Mongoose, ratel, birds of prey especially secretary bird
    Venom Fact Venom consists of neurotoxins and cytotoxins
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 8 to 33 eggs
    Incubation Period 48 to 70 days
    Average Lifespan 20 to 30 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Egyptian Cobra Pictures Gallery

    Published on October 6th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 16th August 2018.

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