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Home > Snakes > Aesculapian Snake

Aesculapian Snake

Aesculapian snake is a non-venomous snake found extensively in Europe. A member of the Colubridae family, it is one of the largest snakes in Europe. Males are larger than females.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Subfamily Colubrinae
    Genus Zamenis
    Scientific Name Zamenis longissimus

    Length 110 – 160 cm (average)
    Largest specimen: 225cm
    Color Adults are olive-yellow to brownish-green or black, often there are white-edged dorsal scales  visible as white spots all over the body; sometimes when the color is pale, two dark lines running longitudinally are visible along the flanks; belly is yellow to off-white while the iris is amber to ochre
    Distribution Most of France (excluding the north), eastern part of Spain’s northern coast, Italy (excluding the south and Sicily), Greece, Asia minor, Switzerland, Austria, South Moravia, Hungary, Czech Republic, south Poland, Romania, Slovakia, south-west Ukraine, western Germany; Russian, Georgian and Turkish eastern and northeastern shores of the Black Sea, northern Iran
    Habitat Hilly or rocky habitats, river valleys and riverbeds, forest steppes, forest clearings in succession, shrublands at the edges of forests, forest/field ecotones, woods interspersed with meadows, old walls and stonewalls, gardens and sheds, disused and neglected buildings, ruins
    Diet Rodents, shrews, moles, birds, bird eggs
    Hibernation Period Hibernates during winter months
    Predators Badgers and other mustelids, wild boar, foxes, hedgehogs, various birds of prey; juveniles can fall prey to rats, cats, dogs, chickens
    Venom Fact Non-venomous
    Breeding Season Middle of May to mid-June
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 5 – 11(average)
    Incubation Period Around 8 weeks
    Reproductive Age 4 – 6 years of age
    Average Lifespan 25 to 30 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Aesculapian Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 13th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 21st August 2018.

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