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Long-Nosed Adder

Long-nosed adder is a viper species inhabiting southern Europe, Balkans and parts of Middle East. It is regarded as one of the deadliest snakes in Europe, judging by its size, long fangs and high toxicity. There are five recognized subspecies of this species.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Vipera
    Scientific Name Vipera ammodytes

    Other Names Long-nosed Viper, Nose-horned Viper, Sand Viper, Common Sand Adder, Common Sand Viper, Sand Natter
    Length 40-95 cm (20-40 in )
    Color Grey or reddish brown with dark zigzag pattern running down the back; a characteristic dark band behind each eye; females have a similar, but less distinct coloration
    Distribution North-eastern Italy, Southern Austria, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Syria
    Habitat Dry, rocky hill-sides, and clearings of woodlands; sometimes in farmlands, vineyards, and railway embankments
    Diet Small mammals and birds, sometimes smaller snakes
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate in winter in large groups in underground hidings
    Venom Fact Highly venomous
    Breeding Season April-May
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (eggs hatching within the mother’s body, with live babies being born)
    Litter Size 1 – 20
    Average Lifespan Maximum 22 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Long-Nosed Adder Pictures Gallery

    Published on August 13th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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