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Home > Snakes > Amazonian Palm Viper

Amazonian Palm Viper

Amazonian palm viper is a type of venomous pitviper snake occurring in the Amazon region of South America. The species is arboreal and nocturnal. There are two recognized subspecies of this species.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Bothriopsis
    Scientific Name Bothriopsis bilineata

    Other Names Two-striped Forest-pitviper, Parrotsnake
    Length Generally not more than 70 cm,; however, some specimens may grow to 100 cm
    Color Pale green ground color cover the dorsal surface either with a sprinkle of black spots or are paired with a  series of tan or reddish brown spots; ventral sides are bordered by a creamy yellow line running down the length of the body; yellow belly bordered with a bit of green; tail’s latter part is pink bordered with yellow; head is either green with scattered small black spots or green with isolated reddish brown or tan spots bordered in black; pale green iris with yellow green labials often with black spots
    Distribution Colombia, Venezuela,  Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana,  Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia
    Habitat Lowland rain forest; bushes, trees and shrubbery near water in the primary forest as well as old secondary forest near primary forest
    Diet Small mammals like mouse opossums, mice,  lizards, birds, frogs
    Predators Birds of prey
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season Late summer to winter (April – October)
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young ones by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 6 – 16
    IUCN Conservation Status Not Evaluated

    Amazonian Palm Viper Pictures Gallery

    Published on November 26th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 7th June 2019.

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