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Home > Snakes > Black Mamba Snake

Black Mamba Snake

Black mambas are large, highly venomous snakes found in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. They are the longest venomous snakes found in Africa and also happen to be one of the deadliest. The snake is fast and aggressive as well.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Elapidae
    Subfamily Elapinae
    Genus Dendroaspis
    Scientific Name Dendroaspis polylepis


    Other Names Southern Brown Mamba, Black-mouthed Mamba, Swart Mamba
    Length 4.3 to 4.5m
    Weight Around 1.6 kg (3.5 lb)
    Color Vary widely in color from olive-brown to khaki to gray; some have dark spots towards the posterior; underbody is pale yellow or cream with dark brown to black eyes, corona is silver or pale yellow
    Distribution North east and south eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, south western Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, eastern Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda,  Mozambique, Burundi, Swaziland, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, Namibia, Angola
    Habitat Scrub, termite mounds, abandoned burrows, rock crevices, savannah, woodland, rocky slopes,  dense forests
    Diet Hyrax, rock hyrax, bushbabies, bats
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during winter months
    Predators Mongoose, birds of prey, foxes , jackals
    Venom Fact Highly toxic, comprises of neurotoxins (dendrotoxin), cardiotoxins as well as other toxins like fasciculins
    Breeding Season Early spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 6 to 17
    Incubation period 2 to 3 months
    Average Lifespan In captivity: 11 years (maximum)
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Black Mamba Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 9th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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