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Home > Snakes > Copperhead Snake

Copperhead Snake

Copperhead snakes are medium-sized venomous snakes found in Eastern North America. They are pit vipers and five subspecies have been recognized so far. The females are usually longer than males.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Agkistrodon
    Scientific Name Agkistrodon contortrix


    Other Names Chunk Head, Highland Moccasin, (dry-land) Moccasin, Narrow-banded Copperhead, Northern Copperhead, Poplar Leaf, Red Oak, Pilot Snake, Southeastern Copperhead, Red Snake, White Oak Snake, American Copperhead, Southern Copperhead
    Length 50–95 cm (20–37 in)
    Color Pale-tan to pinkish-tan ground color, covered with 10 to 18 light tan to pinkish tan to pale brown cross-bands with darker edges; some parts of the belly may be whitish; the flanks have a series of dark brown spots
    Distribution Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Delaware, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia (United States), Chihuahua and Coahuila (Mexico)
    Habitat Deciduous forest, mixed woodlands, rock outcroppings and ledges, low-lying swampy regions, also occur in coniferous forests, riparian habitats, dry arroyos
    Diet Primarily feed on small rodents like mice and voles, also large insects and frogs
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during the winter months in dens, limestone crevices, often with other snake species
    Predators Owls, hawks, opossums, raccoons
    Venom Fact Relatively mild
    Breeding Season February to May and from end of August to October
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)
    Gestation period Around 3 months
    Litter Size 2 to 18
    Reproductive Age 3 to 4 years of age
    Average Lifespan Maximum in the wild: 30 years; average is much less as only five percent lived more than eight years of age
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Copperhead Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 7th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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