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Home > Snakes > Rhombic Night Adder

Rhombic Night Adder

Rhombic Night adder is a venomous species of snake native to sub-Saharan Africa.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Causinae
    Genus Causus
    Scientific Name Causus rhombeatus

    Other Names Demon Night Adder, Cape Night Adder, African Night Adder, Cape Viper
    Length Around 60cm (24in); longest: 93cm (37in)
    Color Brown and sometimes olive green ground color; covered with 20-30 rhombic patches with pale edges; scattered black scales and oblique black bars covered with one or two black spots on the sides; some populations may be pattern less
    Distribution Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, northern Botswana, Mozambique, Swaziland, eastern South Africa, Riverdale in the Western Cape Province
    Habitat Damp areas like moist savanna, lowland forest and fynbos with proper food supply
    Diet Mainly toads, also frogs and small mammals
    Hibernation Hibernate during winter
    Predators Other snakes, monitor lizards and birds of prey
    Venom Fact Mildly cytotoxic
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 24 on average
    Incubation Period Around 4 months
    Average Lifespan 10 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Not Evaluated

    Rhombic Night Adder Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 2nd 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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