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Home > Snakes > Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake

Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake

Dusky pigmy rattlesnake is a short, thick-bodied, poisonous subspecies of snake, found only in the southeastern United States. It is one of the most common venomous snakes in the state of Florida. The subspecies is most active at night and tends to be inactive during the day. It is a pitviper.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Sistrurus
    Species Sistrurus miliarius
    Scientific Name Sistrurus miliarius barbouri

    Other Names Florida Ground Rattlesnake, Southeastern Ground Rattlesnake, Pygmy Rattlesnake, Barbour’s Pygmy Rattlesnake, Hog-nosed Rattler, Pygmy Ground Rattlesnake, Ground Rattlesnake, Small Rattlesnake, Pygmy Rattler
    Length 35.5 to 76 cm
    Color Dark gray background color with rounded spots; whitish belly with black or brown small spots
    Distribution Southern South Carolina, southern Georgia, Florida, southern Alabama, Mississippi,  Louisiana
    Habitat Woodlands, freshwater floodplains, marshes
    Diet Small mammals, birds, amphibians, other reptiles
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 5 to 7 young
    Gestation Period 4 to 6 months
    Reproductive Age 2 to 4 years of age
    Average Lifespan Up to 20 years

    Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 5th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 13th June 2019.

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