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Home > Snakes > Many-Horned Adder

Many-Horned Adder

Many-horned adder is a venomous snake belonging to the viper family, found in rocky desert areas, primarily in southern Africa, along the Atlantic coasts. The species is so named because of the presence of two to five distinctive raised horny scales above each eye.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Bitis
    Scientific Name Bitis cornuta

    Other Names Hornsman, Western Hornsman Adder, Western Many-horned Adder
    Length 30-75 cm (10-30 in)
    Color Gray to reddish-brown, with four long columns of black squarish blotches, bordered with white, running along the back; dark symmetrical markings on the dorsal surface of the head
    Distribution Coastal areas of southwest Namibia, west and southwest Cape Province in South Africa; Also found in lower numbers in eastern Cape Province
    Habitat Rocky desert areas with small succulent vegetation, as well as mountain slopes and shrublands
    Diet Small rodents, lizards, amphibians, and birds
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates in groups during winter
    Venom Fact Deadly cytotoxic venom that destroys living cells
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (gives birth to live young)
    Clutch Size/Litter Size 5-14
    Average Lifespan Over 10 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Not listed yet

    Many-Horned Adder Pictures Gallery

    Published on August 16th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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