Not seeing a Scroll to Top Button? Go to our FAQ page for more info.
Home > Snakes > Namaqua Dwarf Adder

Namaqua Dwarf Adder

Namaqua dwarf adder, the smallest venomous snake in the world, is found in the coastal areas around the border between South Africa and Namibia.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Bitis
    Scientific Name Bitis schneideri

    Other Names Spotted Dwarf Adder, Schneider’s Adder
    Length 18- 28 cm
    Weight Up to 38 grams
    Color Gray or gray brown with sporadic black spots with white or gray centers
    Distribution Southwestern part of Namibia, north-western corner of the Northern Cape
    Habitat Vegetated coastal sand dunes
    Diet Lizards, small mammals, amphibians
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during winter, emerging around spring
    Predators Raptors and some predatory mammals and larger snakes
    Venom Fact Weak cytotoxic venom
    Breeding Season October
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)
    Clutch Size/Litter Size 3 to 7
    Reproductive Age 10-15 months
    Average Lifespan 10 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Vulnerable

    Namaqua Dwarf Adder Pictures Gallery

    Published on August 24th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *