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Home > Snakes > Persian Horned Viper

Persian Horned Viper

Persian horned viper is a species of medium-sized, venomous snake occurring in large parts of Asia. The species is fully nocturnal. There are two recognized subspecies of this species.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Viperinae
    Genus Pseudocerastes
    Scientific Name Pseudocerastes persicus

    Other Names False horned viper, Persian horned desert viper, eye-horned viper
    Length 40 to 70 cm (16 to 28 in); largest recorded specimen measures 108 cm (43 in)
    Weight Sometimes more than 500 g (1.1 lb)
    Color Pale brown, gray, bronze or bluish-gray upper surface with dark brown rectangular blotches or cross-bands; a dark brown line runs along the side of the head; pale brown spots on the throat and along the flanks of the body; whitish underside with a black tipped tail
    Distribution Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, northern Saudi Arabia, northern and northwestern Iraq, extreme southeastern Turkey, southern Syria, northwestern Azerbaijan, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India
    Habitat At an elevation of about  1,800 to 2,000 m above sea level in sandy and rocky areas and in scrubland
    Diet Rodents, lizards, birds
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season Between March and July
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 11-21 eggs
    Incubation Period 6 to 8 weeks
    Reproductive Age 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan 14 to 18 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Persian Horned Viper Pictures Gallery

    Published on May 1st 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

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