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Home > Snakes > Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Western diamondback rattlesnake is a species of venomous snake occurring in the United States and Mexico. The species is solitary barring the mating season. It is known to be very aggressive. Currently, there are no recognized subspecies of this species.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Subfamily Crotalinae
    Genus Crotalus
    Scientific Name Crotalus atrox

    Other Names Texas diamond-back, Adobe snake, Arizona diamond rattlesnake, coon tail,  desert diamond rattlesnake, desert diamond-back, spitting rattlesnake, fierce rattlesnake, Texan rattlesnake, Texas Rattler
    Length Up to 180 cm (6 ft)
    Weight Up to 6.7 kg (15 lb)
    Color Dusty gray, pinkish-brown, yellowish, pinkish, brick red, or chalky white ground color with dark gray-brown to brown rectangular or hexagonal to diamond shaped blotches on the outer surface; tail comprises of two to eight black bands  with ash white or pale gray interspaces
    Distribution Southeastern and Central California, central and western Arkansas, Oklahoma, southern Nevada, southwestern Idaho (United States); parts of Mexico
    Habitat Flat coastal plains, steep rocky canyons and hillsides, desert, sandy creosote areas,  desert scrub, mesquite grassland, pine-oak forests
    Diet Small mammals and birds, sometimes other reptiles and amphibians
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Predators Hawks, eagles, wild hogs, roadrunners, other snakes
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Breeding Season Fall
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)
    Litter Size 10 to 20
    Gestation Period 6 to 7 months
    Reproductive Age 3 years of age
    Average Lifespan Around 25 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 16th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 13th June 2019.

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