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Home > Snakes > Pine Snake

Pine Snake

Pine snakes are large, non-venomous, heavy-bodied colubrid species found in southeastern United States. There are three known subspecies of this snake. They are known to be powerful constrictors.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Subfamily Colubrinae
    Genus Pituophis
    Scientific Name Pituophis melanoleucus

    Other Names Common Pine Snake
    Length 122–254 cm
    Color Light ground color covered with black, brown or reddish brown patches
    Distribution Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana,  New Jersey, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, Tennessee, Delaware, Virginia
    Habitat Pine flatwoods, sandy pine-oak woodlands, cultivated fields, prairies, open brushland, rocky desert, chaparral; found from sea level to an altitude of 9000 feet
    Diet Rats, mice, moles, other small mammals, bird’s eggs
    Hibernation Fact Hibernates during winter months in underground burrows
    Predators Short-tailed shrews, striped skunks, raccoons, red foxes, domestic dogs and cats
    Venom Fact Non-venomous
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 3 to 24 eggs
    Incubation Period 64 to 79 days
    Reproductive Age 3 years of age (in case of both male and female)
    Average Lifespan In captivity: 4.5 to 22.5 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Pine Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on September 9th 2016 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th June 2019.

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