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Home > Snakes > Eastern Indigo Snake

Eastern Indigo Snake

The species, being the longest native snake of the United States of America, has the ability to digest the venom of rattlesnakes. The eastern indigo snake’s genus name ‘Drymarchon’ means lords of the forest in Greek while the scientific name has been given after James Hamilton Couper, an American planter.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Colubridae
    Genus Drymarchon
    Scientific Name Drymarchon couperi

    Other Names Blue indigo snake, blue bull snake, blue gopher snake, black snake, and indigo
    Size 3.9-7.7 ft (1.1-2.34 m)
    Weight 52.8 oz (3.3 lb)
    Color Lateral and dorsal scales are blue-black, ventral scales are iridescent
    Distribution Florida, southwestern South Carolina, southeastern Mississippi, and southern Alabama
    Habitat Dry prairie, scrubby flatwoods, fields, and coastal dunes
    Diet Toads, frogs, small birds, lizards, and eggs
    Predators Humans
    Venom Fact Non-venomous
    Breeding Season May-June
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous
    Clutch Size 5-6 eggs
    Reproductive Age 3-4 years
    Average Lifespan 12-21 in the wild
    IUCN Conservation Status Threatened

    Eastern Indigo Snake Pictures Gallery

    Published on January 8th 2019 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 4th January 2019.

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