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Home > Snakes > Himalayan Pit Viper

Himalayan Pit Viper

Himalayan pit viper is a species of medium-sized, venomous snake occurring along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain range in Pakistan, India and Nepal. The species is nocturnal and terrestrial. The snake is known to be lazy and timid.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Subphylum Vertebrata
    Class Reptilia
    Order Squamata
    Suborder Serpentes
    Family Viperidae
    Genus Gloydius
    Scientific Name Gloydius himalayanus

    Other Names Himalayan viper
    Length 0.76 to 0.90 m (2.5 to 3.0 ft)
    Color Brownish upper surface mottled or streaked in the shape of transverse bars; white underside with red and black spots or speckles
    Distribution Northeastern Pakistan, northern India (Kashmir, Punjab) and Nepal
    Habitat Under fallen timber, crevices, rocks, boulders,  stones, ledges, and leaves in the mid and western Himalayas at an altitude between  2,100 to 4,900 m (6,900 to 16,100 ft)
    Diet Skinks, lizards, small rodents
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Venom Fact Venomous
    Mode of Reproduction Viviparous (giving birth to live young)

    Himalayan Pit Viper Pictures Gallery

    Published on April 17th 2017 by under Snakes. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019.

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