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Turtles are water-dwelling reptiles with a characteristic cartilaginous or bony shell which acts as an armor. They are one of the most ancient among reptiles, dating further back than even crocodiles. There are 327 extant species of turtles scattered all over the world.

Diet, Reproduction, and Adaptation

Turtles eat aquatic vegetation, worms, insects, snails and even scavenge on dead marine creatures on occasions. They reproduce by laying eggs (oviparous), and for some species of turtles, the temperature at which the egg is kept determines the gender of the offspring. The female lays the eggs in sand or mud and covers them up, leaving them to incubate by themselves. The dorsal side of the turtle’s shell is called the carapace while the shell covering the belly is called the plastron. This shell acts as a strong armor against predators, as the turtle can tuck itself into its shell when it senses danger.

Interesting Fact

Most species of turtles are highly endangered, with some being at the brink of extinction.

Giant Musk Turtle
Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle
Narrow-Bridged Musk Turtle
Tabasco Mud Turtle
Arizona Mud Turtle
Northern Map Turtle
Argentine Snake Necked Turtle
Eastern Long Neck Turtle
Vietnamese Box Turtle
Turkana Mud Turtle
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